Our History as Seventh-Day Adventist Church
The Seventh-Day Adventist Church had its roots in the Millerite movement of the
1830s and 1840s, during the period of the Second Great Awakening, a revival
movement in the United States and was officially founded in 1863. Prominent
figures in the early church included Hiram Edson, James Springer White and his
wife Ellen G. White, Joseph Bates, and J. N. Andrews.
The Millerites firmly believed that Jesus Christ’s "second advent" (His second
coming to earth) would occur on October 22, 1844. When His second coming did
not take place, many Millerites were disillusioned and gave up belief in a literal
second advent; but others went back to studying the scriptures.
Over the next 15 years, former Millerites, meeting in a sequence of "Bible
conferences", identified a series of Bible truths forgotten since the days of the
early Church. The key beliefs they adopted were among others :
That Christ’s second coming is imminent and will be literal, not metaphorical, seen
by all the world
That the seventh day, Saturday, not Sunday, is God’s Sabbath and the obligation
to keep it is perpetual
That God does not eternally torment sinners, but rather that the dead "sleep" until
the second coming and last judgment
Sabbath observance develops and unites
A young Seventh-Day Baptist layperson named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New
Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due
to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began
keeping the seventh day as Sabbath. Several members of the Washington, New
Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These
included William and Cyrus Farnsworth.
In 1860, the movement chose the name, Seventh-day Adventist, representative of
the church's distinguishing beliefs. Three years later, on May 21, 1863, the
General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists was formed and the movement
became an official organization with 3,500 members worshipping in 125 churches.
During the formative years of the movement, its leaders were mostly young, in
their late teens, 20s and 30s. At the time of the Great Disappointment of 1844,
James White was 23; Ellen White and Annie Smith were 16; John N. Andrews was
15, and Minerva Loughborough not quite 15. Uriah Smith and John N.
Loughborough (brothers of Annie and Minerva) were only 13, and George I. Butler
was just 10.
Yet it was these young men and women, aided by elder statesmen like Joseph
Bates (who in 1844 was aged 52), who took the lead in the Bible conferences of
the late 1840s and the 1850s, during which the beliefs of what became the
Seventh-day Adventist Church were discussed, debated and agreed. It was they
who published a series of pamphlets, persuasively setting out the new beliefs, as
well as a magazine, The Advent Review and Sabbath Herald (today's Adventist
Review), which connected all the widely scattered believers together, and without
which the church would never have been founded.
For more information :
See GC website : http://www.adventist.org/information/history/article/go/0/united-for-mission-one-
See link : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Seventh-day_Adventist_Church
Our History as a Union
It should be noted that the Seventh-Day Adventist Church settled unevenly in
Central Africa. In Cameroon the Church was introduced in 1926 by the American
pioneers W. H. Anderson and T. Mr. French who chose Nanga Eboko as the site of
the first station. During this period, was the structuring of the Union of Central
Africa, current, marked by a few key dates:
1st September 1934 – Official recognition of the African Society of Seventh-Day
Adventists by the colonial French Government, Nanga Eboko becoming the
headquarters of the Adventist Mission in Cameroon.
1949 – Organization of the Adventist Mission of Equatorial Africa with headquarters
in Nanga Eboko.
1955 – Transfer of the headquarters of the Adventist Mission of Nanga Eboko in
Yaounde, a year after the establishment of the missionary station in Yaoundé
March 1973 – First Quadrennial Meeting of the Union of Adventist Mission of
Central Africa held at Nanga Eboko and reorganization of the field of Cameroon
with four Church Conferences (East, North, Central South and West Conferences).
April 1980 – Reorganization of the West-Central Africa Union within the newly
organized Africa Indian Ocean Division. That Union headquartered in Yaounde was
made up of 7 countries namely Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo,
Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Sao Tome and Principe.
The Union will later on experience restructures and territorial realignments that
have led to the creation of two Unions in 2013: the Central Africa Union Mission
made up of five countries (Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial
Guinea, Gabon) headquartered in Bangui (Central African Republic) and the
Cameroon Union Mission headquartered in Yaounde.
Equatorial Union (1927)
French Equatorial African Union Mission (1933-1941)
French West And Equatorial African Union Mission (1949-1952)
French Equatorial African Union Mission (1952-1958)
Equatorial African Union Mission (1959-1977)
West-Central African Union Mission (1978-1985)
Central African Union Mission (1986-2013)
Cameroon Union Mission (2014- …..)
Momentous events in the Seventh-Day Adventist Church in Cameroon
1) Eyezo’o (S), Un Paramètre de l’histoire du Cameroun: La Mission Adventiste (1926-1949), Mémoire de Maîtrise en Histoire, Yaoundé 1985.
2) Nkou (J), L’Eglise Adventiste en Afrique Equatoriale, mémoire de Licence en Théologie, Collonges-Sous Salève, 1972.
- Archives de l’Union des Eglises Adventistes au Cameroun Yaoundé.
- Seventh-Day Adventist Encyclopaedia, Vol. 10, Washington, Review and Herald Publishing Association 1976.